With pointed ears and coiled tail, spitz dogs are lovely dogs because of their fur. In this article, we will tell you more about this canine group, with an undeniable similarity with the wolves.
General characteristics of spitz dogs
According to the International Cynological Federation (FCI), spitz dogs originate in Germany and are direct descendants of wolves. All the sub-terraces of this group are similar to each other: they only differ in the size and color of the coat.
We can, for example, point out that the head of the Spitz dogs has an elongated snout, truffle and black eyes, and erect triangular ears. The hair is formed by two layers, one internal and one external, and the tail is rolled up and rests on the back.
In terms of behavior, the Spitz are cheerful dogs, very attached to their owners and dynamic; They get along well with other pets and with children. Although they can be guardians because they bark a lot, they are not protective dogs.
Spitz dog breeds
Within this family, we can highlight its most characteristic races. It is worth noting that the group of Spitz dogs is divided into three sections: European, Asian, and Nordic. Some of them are:
1. Great German spitz
It could be said that he is the ‘father’ of all Spitz dogs since other races descend from him. It is believed that it appeared in the Stone Age in Central Europe and, therefore, is the oldest dog.
The fur of the great German spitz – the photo that opens this article – can vary in color, although it is usually golden, beige, or white. And, like the others, it has a double layer of hair. It can weigh about 20 kilos and measure up to 55 centimeters.
2. German Wolf Spitz
Also known as keeshond, it is a medium-sized dog that is characterized by its thick and thick fur, consisting of two or three colors: brown, black, and white or gray. It can measure about 50 centimeters and weigh about 30 kilos.
It originated in the Arctic lands of the Netherlands but became ‘famous’ in Germany during the 18th century.
During the French Revolution, he was baptized as we know him now and has always been considered a great companion dog.
It is probably the most famous of Spitz dogs and is in the category of toy dogs due to its small size. Pomeranian ancestors were dogs from Lapland and Iceland, who arrived in Poland carrying sleds.
With a triangular head, with a remarkable fox appearance, small triangular ears, and a curved tail on the back, this dog has a double layer of hair and can suffer a little heat in summer. It is a reasonably active dog that adapts to urban or country life.
4. Japanese Spitz
This dog initially from Japan is quite similar to the Russian Samoyed, mainly because of its utterly white fur, its curved tail, and its pointed ears.
The Japanese spitz is very intelligent, loyal, and attentive to its masters and excellent pet. It adapts without problems to the family environment and gets along with other dogs if it is socialized from a puppy. You need a little exercise, but you like running a lot (it is perfect for agility ).
5. Finnish Spitz
It is one of the less ‘spongy’ spitz dogs, although it meets several typical characteristics of the group (the tail curved upwards, the elongated snout, and the triangular ears). It is light brown or reddish.
The Finnish spitz was bred to hunt rodents and squirrels and is still used as a hunting dog today. It is somewhat stubborn, curious, and playful; You can be aggressive with other dogs and need a long walk per day.