Summer is one of the times of the year that can most affect our pets. High temperatures, dehydration, heatstroke, and parasites are some of the aspects that we should take care of in dogs during this summer.
Dogs do not have a very efficient thermoregulation system. They perspire through their pads and through their mouths through gasps. Thus, prolonged exposure to high temperatures can lead to heatstroke.
Puppies and older dogs are more likely to suffer, as are brachycephalic dogs such as bulldog or Carlino.
To avoid heatstroke, we have to make sure that our pet has fresh water and shade, and not practice intense exercise in the hours of greatest sun exposure.
2. Dangers of dogs during this summer: dehydration
Dogs during this summer must always have clean and fresh water at their disposal. It is important that they drink and stay hydrated. There are flavorings that we can add to the drinking water to attract more attention to the dog and get him to drink more water. We can check if a dog is hydrated with the time of hair filling or pinching the dog’s skin.
The first method is to apply light pressure with the finger on the dog’s gum. The area will pale, and the time it takes to recover its natural reddish color will indicate the state of hydration of the dog and the amount of blood flow that reaches the tissue. In a healthy dog, the color returns in just a second.
On the other hand, the subcutaneous hair gives us an idea of the elasticity of the dog’s skin, also related to the degree of hydration. In a hydrated dog, we must be able, when pinching, to catch a fold of the skin of the animal’s back.
To prevent it is to cure. Dogs during this summer have to be protected against parasites. With high temperatures and humidity, mosquitoes, fleas, and ticks proliferate, which are usually vectors of many diseases such as leishmaniasis, ehrlichiosis, diphilrosis …
They are very serious diseases, and in some cases, they last for the life of the animal. Protecting them is as easy as acquiring a necklace, a pipette, or vaccinating. Both dogs and cats should be dewormed every three months against internal parasites.
For external parasites, we can put protection from one month to several months, depending on the product we buy. In dogs, permethrin-based antiparasitic agents are used, but not in cats, as it is toxic to felines.
4. Dangers of dogs during this summer: burns
Very hot surfaces such as asphalt can cause burns on the pads of dogs. Remember the five-second rule for dogs during this summer: if with the palm of your hand, you are not able to withstand the heat of the asphalt, do not expose your dog to it.
Walk in the early hours of the morning or late in the afternoon when it is less hot, and the asphalt has lost temperature.
5. The danger of the shaved
Dogs have a second layer of hair that acts as a thermoregulator. Very aggressive skin shavings eliminate the natural ability of the hair to maintain adequate body temperature. Rapar is not a way to combat the heat in pets.
Each type of hair has specific care. If you want to cut your dog’s hair, we advise you to consult a professional hairdresser first.