Often pets are exposed to various parasites that can pose a significant threat to their health. One of the options to combat part of them is oral flea treatments, easy to administer, and highly effective.
Currently, there are many products to deal with fleas and ticks, among which are the pipettes, pills, sprays, and collars. So much variety of formats tends to generate uncertainty in the owners, which leads them to choose randomly or prioritizing the most economical.
When choosing between oral flea treatments or topical treatments, the specialist’s recommendation must be considered as a priority. This will assess the degree of exposure of the animal and the possible reaction to the medication used depending on its age and size.
How to select the best oral flea treatments
Most of these medications are made up of a series of chemicals whose properties can help determine the effectiveness of the product itself. Among the most frequent stand out:
- Lufenuron: acts exclusively against flea larvae, and is safe for adult specimens and ticks. The Federal Drug Administration (FDA) allows its use in dogs and cats.
- Nitenpyram: It is a fast-acting insecticide against fleas and ticks. Veterinarians often use it to kill parasites of a dog that has already been infected rather than as a preventive option because of its poor durability. The FDA also allows its application in cats.
- Spinosad: intended to kill adult fleas through overstimulation of your nervous system. It is harmless to ticks. The FDA only recommends its use in non-epileptic dogs, although it has been used in some topical human lice treatments such as Natrona.
Advantages over topical treatments
Products with an oral format usually come in the form of pills or chews, since drinks can be more uncomfortable to administer. Over time, laboratories have been improving the organoleptic characteristics of these so that pets tend to associate them with goodies or feed instead of medications.
However, in case the tablet has a less palatable taste, it is easy to ‘camouflage’ it if we permeate it or mix it with attractive foods.
The smooth and fast route of administration of oral flea treatments is the main advantage, but there is also the factor of their latency. Most of these medications are usually effective one to three months after application, especially if the degree of exposure is not very high. This permanence makes them a more practical alternative compared to those with a topical format whose effects can determine the frequency of washing.
The smell is one of the main signs of recognition of animals. Some topical antiparasitics give off an aroma that can much bother pets, which could cause nervous behavior after the first hours of application.
Besides, as with humans, dogs and cats may have atopic skin or be reactive to the chemical compounds used, something more unusual in oral treatments.